When we think about feeding horses, we tend to concentrate mostly on the macronutrients. Most of the focus is on whether the horse has enough hay, pasture and grain. However, it is also important to incorporate micronutrients into your equine’s diet, as they play an important role in the well-being of a horse.
Macro- and Micro-Minerals
Due to the volume required in the average horse’s diet, minerals are generally divided into two categories: micro and macro.
Macro-minerals include phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, potassium, chlorine, sodium and sulfur. These minerals are required in large volumes because they are critical in the development and sustenance of acid-base balance, the skeleton, hoof and hair growth and nervous system activity.
Unlike macros, micro-minerals are typically needed in smaller quantities. These minerals include iodine, copper, iron, selenium, manganese and zinc. Micro-minerals play a key role in helping to metabolize nutrients, transport oxygen to muscles, maintain connective and joint tissues and perform as antioxidants.
Fat-Soluble and Water-Soluble Vitamins
Horses also need vitamins to stay healthy and achieve peak performance. Vitamins are broken into two categories: fat-soluble and water-soluble.
Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D and E. Just as their name suggests, these vitamins are stored in the body’s fat deposits. It is important to monitor the intake of these minerals, as too much can be toxic to the horse. The main functions of these vitamins are to ensure proper vision, regulate the absorption of calcium and act as a primary antioxidant, which protects the horse’s muscles.
Water-soluble vitamins commonly referred to as B vitamins, include thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, biotin and folic acid. It is easy to neglect these vitamins. While they do nourish the tissues, water-soluble vitamins are not stored in the body but are eliminated in urine. However, it is important to note they are critical in nearly all the body’s chemical processes. As such, they are essential for growth, metabolism and generating energy.
Some horses need water-soluble vitamins more than others and may require an equine vitamin and mineral supplement like B-500 to ensure they get enough nutrition.
These include horses that:
- Compete or train vigorously
- Live in high-stress environments
- Don’t have proper access to fresh green grass or are consuming poor-quality hay
- Are young and growing
Try the Best Horse Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Today
Trust KAUFFMAN’S for the best vitamin-mineral supplements for horses on the market. Since 1978, we have been dedicated to manufacturing, packaging and marketing only the finest horse vitamins and mineral supplements. Place your order today and discover why KAUFFMAN’S B-500 for horses is one of the best equine supplements available anywhere.
Your Questions Answered
Sugar, Dried Whey, Sodium Caseinate, Dicalcium Phosphate, Rice Hulls, Ground Limestone, Ferrous Sulfate, Niacin Supplement, Riboflavin Supplement, Thiamine Mononitrate, d-Calcium Pantothenate, Salt, Vitamin A Supplement, Natural & Artificial Flavor, Folic Acid, Magnesium Sulfate, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Cobalt Sulfate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Manganese Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Vitamin B12 Supplement.
Feed at the rate of one ounce per horse per day. During periods of stress, increase to two ounces per day.
This product is intended for intermittent or supplemental feeding only.
|Per lb||Per 1 oz|
|Phosphorus (P), min||0.40%||1.8 g||113.4 mg|
|Salt, min.||0.20%||907 g||56.7 mg|
|Salt, max.||0.50%||2.27 g||141.75 mg|
|Magnesium (Mg), min.||0.03%||136 mg||8.50 mg|
|Copper (Cu), min.||50 ppm||1.42 mg|
|Iron (Fe), min.||2,100 ppm||59.5 mg|
|Manganese (Mn), min.||60 ppm||1.70 mg|
|Cobalt (Co), min.||100 ppm||2.84 mg|
|Vitamin A, min.||1,000,000 IU||62,500 IU|
|Vitamin D3, min.||100,000 IU||6,250 IU|
|Vitamin B12, min.||400 µg||25 µg|
|Riboflavin (Vitamin B2,), min.||1,000 mg||62.5 mg|
|d-Pantothenic Acid, min.||1,000 mg||62.5 mg|
|Thiamine (Vitamin B1), min.||1,000 mg||62.5 mg|
|Niacin, min.||3,000 mg||59.51 mg|
|Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine), min.||100 mg||6.25 mg|
|Folic Acid, min.||800 mg||50 mg|
|Phosphoprotein||20,000 mg||1,250 mg|